Even with the advent of GPS Navigation, map reading is a fundamental skill that all military personnel have a vested interest in – especially Military Medics.


1. What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?

2. What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?

  • Black – Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.
  • Red-Brown – The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
  • Blue – Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
  • Green – Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
  • Brown – Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
  • Red – Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
  • Other – Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.

3.   What are military symbols?

4.   Where is the Legend of the map found?
5.   What are contour lines?
6.   What are 3 types of contour lines?
  1. Index
  2. Intermediate
  3. Supplementary
7.   How many Mils are in one Degree?
8.   How many Norths are there on a military map?
9.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a hill?
10.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a saddle?
11.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a valley?
12.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a Ridge?
13.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a depression?
14.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a draw?
15.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a spur?
16.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cliff?
17.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cut?
18.   What shape are the contour lines that indicate a fill?
19.   What must be done to a map before it can be used?
20.   What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
  1. Hill
  2. Ridge
  3. Valley
  4. Saddle
  5. Depression
21.   What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?
  1. Draw
  2. Spur
  3. Cliff
22.   What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
  1. Cut
  2. Fill
23.   What is a map?
What is an azimuth?
25.   What is vertical distance?
26.   What is a contour interval?
27.   What is the distance between grid lines on a combat map?
28.   How many mils are there in a circle?
29.   Which north is used when using a military map?
30.   How would you hold a lensatic compass?
31.   Name two ways to hold a compass?
  1. Compass-to-Cheek Method
  2. Center-Hold Method
32.   Are topographic symbols drawn to scale?
33.   What do topographic symbols represent?
34.   In military symbols, what colors are used for a map overlay and what do they represent?
  • Blue- Friendly forces
  • Red-Enemy forces
  • Black- boundaries
  • Yellow-contaminated area both friendly and enemy
  • Green- engineer obstacles, both friendly and enemy
35.   What is Back Azimuth?
36.   How do you figure out a back azimuth?
37.   What is a declination diagram?
38.   What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
39.   How many sights does a compass have?
40.   What is a benchmark?
41.   What are parallels of latitude?
42.   What is an aerial photograph?
43.   What does UTM stand for?
44.   The lensatic compass has a bezel ring; each bezel ring click is equal to how many degrees?
45.   How many times would the bezel ring click if it were fully rotated?
46.   Large cities on a map are represented by what color?

47.   Name two ways to orient a map?

48.   What is the Field Manual for Operational Terms and Graphics?
49.   The arrow on a compass always points what direction?
50.   What does the term FLOT mean?

51.   What are the alternate colors on a map and what do they mean?

52.   What is longitude?
53.   What s a topographic map?
54.   What is a small-scale map?
55.   What is a medium-scale map?
56.   What is a large-scale map?
57.   What does the term intersection mean?
58.   Why is a map so important?
59.   What does the term resection mean?
60.   If you find a symbol on a map that is unknown to you, where would you look?
61.   How many scales are there on a compass, what are they?
62.   What are the 4 quadrants on a map?
  1. Northeast
  2. Southeast
  3. Northwest
  4. Southwest
63.   What are the three elements for a land navigation process known as Dead Reckoning?
  1. Known starting point
  2. Known distance
  3. Known azimuth
64.   What is the feature that makes the lensatic compass work well at night?
65.   What is a polar coordinate?
66.   What is the name of the map system that the U.S. uses?
67.   On a lensatic compass there are two rings, an outer black ring and an inner red ring, what are they used for?
68.   Name 3 field expedient methods of determining direction

69.   What is a contour level?

70.   The border line around the edge of the map is called the what?
71.   Name the different slopes found on a map.
  1. Gentle
  2. Steep
  3. Concave
  4. Convex
72.   You must find at least how many known locations on a map and the actual ground in order to plot your location accurately?
73.   What are the three main map sizes?
  1. Small
  2. Medium
  3. Large
74.   What are two methods of measuring an azimuth?
75.   How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?
76.   How close will a six-digit grid coordinate get you to your point?
77.   What would you use on a map to measure actual ground distance?

Featured Image Credit: National Archives

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